Thursday, November 14, 2019

Step by Step Guide - Install, Setup and Test Oracle Primavera Risk Analysis R8.7.5 on Windows 10



Key Takeaway: You will learn step by step installation, set up and post set-up testing for Primavera Risk Analysis Release 8.x/7.x on Windows 10 (64 bit). It is the latest release for Primavera Risk Analysis software. For this post, R8.7.5 has been used on Windows 10. The steps will remain quite similar, if you are using the earlier version. 

This set-up will be available for the new, upcoming course - Practical RMP (Risk Management Professional) with Primavera Risk Analysis. This course uses both  Primavera Risk Analysis (PRA) and Primvera P6 Professional Project Management to guide you through the practical. This new course is coming up because of the new PMBOK guide, the new standard on Risk Management and new risk management/project management software releases. Do note that with the Practical RMP course, you will have a downloadable copy of Primavera Risk Analysis installation.


For your installation,  follow the steps as mentioned in the guide. The steps are simple. You don't need many configurations to start off with this tool. However, when you get deep into PRA software, a number of configurations and set-up will be needed for risk analysis of your project plan, e.g., duration units used, types of probability distribution to be used, type of simulation to be used, risk quantification or only qualification, generating risk report etc. They will be part of the Practical RMP with Primavera Risk Analysis course.

I'll also suggest that you use a XER file or MPP file (PRA supports both Microsoft Project and Primavera P6) to see if the installation has been done properly. 

I've used one XER course from the Practical RMP course. You can also create a fresh project quickly to see if the installation, set-up are proper with this test.

There are 4 steps in the installation of PRA:
  • Downloading Primavera Risk Analysis R8.7.5
  • Installing Primavera Risk Analysis
  • Launching Primavera Risk Analysis
  • Testing Primavera Risk Analysis Installation

After you install, the first view of Primavera Risk Analysis will come as below. The callouts shown are taken from the upcoming, new Practical RMP course. Nevertheless, this will be your first view.




The step-by-step guide is embedded in this post as shown below. It's detailed one and has many instructions to set-up Primavera P6 Professional. You can scroll to see the entire content.

As noted before, a downloadable copy of Primavera Risk Analysis software installation will be available to the users of the new, upcoming Course: "Practical RMP with Primavera Risk Analysis". 

To get more updates on Primavera software related courses and get the complete step-by-step instructions separarately, subscribe to this site (on top right corner of this site) and send a mail, from your Gmail id to managementyogi@gmail.com. 




The detailed step-by-step document is also available in GDrive. For full view in Google Docs format, refer this - Link


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Sunday, November 10, 2019

Step by Step Guide - Install, Setup and Configure Oracle Primavera P6 Professional R18.x/19.x on Windows 10



Key Takeaway: You will learn step by step installation, set up and post set-up configurations for Primavera P6 Professional Release 18.x/19.x on Windows 10 (64 bit). These are Primavera P6's latest releases, which came in 2018 and 2019. For this post, R18.8 has been used on Windows 10. The steps will remain quite similar for R19.x.


This set-up will be available for the new, upcoming course - Practical RMP (Risk Management Professional) with Primavera Risk Analysis. This course uses both Primavera P6 and Primavera Risk Analysis to guide you through the practical. This new course is coming up because of the new PMBOK guide, the new standard on Risk Management and new risk management/project management software releases. Do note that with the Practical RMP course, you will have a downloadable copy of Primavera P6 Professional installation.  


For your installation,  follow the steps as mentioned in the guide. This will ensure a smooth installation. I've used P6 Pro Standalone (SQLIte) for the DB's driver configuration. For very big-scale projects, you can use Oracle Database (DB) in the backend. This has been explained in one of the earlier posts and given as a link below.  

Post installation, a number of configurations for Primavera P6 have been outlined - industry selection (this will remove the warning message that you get), application setting for start-up window, currency setting for your project, setting for time units, durations format and units/time format, date format setting, and many others.

I'll also suggest that you use a XER file to see if the installation has been done properly. I've used one XER course from one of my courses. You can also create a fresh project quickly to see if the installation, set-up and configurations are proper. 

There are 4 major components for installation:
  • Primavera P6 Professional 18.x/19.x software (Client side),
  • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) - checked with JRE 7/8
  • .NET framework (checked with with 4.5)
  • PPM Database Configuration (SQLite)

There have been a host of changes in Primavera P6 R18.x/19.x. For example, the first UI is quite different from earlier releases of 15.x or 8.x. 



The step-by-step guide is embedded in this post as shown below. It's detailed one and has many instructions to set-up Primavera P6 Professional. You can scroll to see the entire content. 

As noted before, a downloadable copy will be available to the users of the new, upcoming Course: "Practical RMP with Primavera Risk Analysis". 

To get more updates on Primavera software related courses and get the complete step-by-step instructions separarately, subscribe to this site (on top right corner of this site) and send a mail, from your Gmail id to managementyogi@gmail.com





Post the setup, I checked with a .XER file from one of my courses and it worked out perfectly. 

The detailed step-by-step document is also available in GDrive. For full view in docs format - Link


You may also like:

Tuesday, November 05, 2019

40 NEW PMI-RMP Free Questions and Answers (Part - 2)




This is in continuation of the earlier series of questions for PMI-RMP® examination. 

I would definitely suggest that you take both the parts together when you try to attempt the questions. 

Do note that these are not verbatim  questions from PMI-RMP exam, however, these questions covers the areas needed for the exam. The questions are based on the Foundational and Practice Standards for Risk Management, Examination Content Outline (ECO) and other reference books (PMI list) for the RMP exam.

Also, as mentioned in the previous series, to answer these questions, you need to have: 
  • Solid understanding of Risk Management knowledge area and its interactions of this knowledge area with rest of the knowledge areas in the PMBOK Guide, 6th edition.
  • Sound understanding of Practice Standard for Risk Management and newly released Foundational Standard for Risk Management in Portfolios, Programs and Projects
  • Real-world (project) risk management experience.

These questions are from the newly released book:

Important Note: The new PMI-RMP exam has much wider coverage compared to the earlier one. The PMBOK Guide has added a number of areas where risk management plays vital role. In addition, a number of new concepts have been added into the PMBOK guide and Foundational Standard for Risk Management. Hence, before you take the exam, have a strong foundation and apply your understanding from a real world risk management perspective. You also need to follow right material/content for your exam preparation (many are still following the old PMBOK guide!). 


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Question - 21: You are working on a strategically important project in which risk quantification has been made mandatory by your organization’s risk governance body. For this purpose, currently, you have taken the risk register, the duration and cost estimates of the activities, the resources requirements for activities and the milestone list along with other plans. As you go through the process, one of the risk owners have put the duration of an activity in this format: Cumulative (3, 6, {5}, {50%}). What can be inferred from it? (Consider the duration to be in weeks).
A The activity can at best be completed in 3 weeks, at worst in 6 weeks, but most likely to be completed in 5 weeks.
B The activity can have a range of discrete values between 3 and 6 weeks, and it will peak at 5 weeks.
C Minimum value is 3 weeks, maximum is 6 weeks and 5 weeks is of 50% chance for the activity.
D Minimum value is 5 weeks and is of 50% chance with the extreme ranges being 3 weeks and 6 weeks.

Question – 22: You have been working in a construction project which has multiple phases. As the final phase is coming to closure, you decide to enter the phase closure. Your stakeholders, including sponsors, want to know the status of the risks and want to ensure that no open risks remain before the phase is closed. What should you do NEXT?
A Present the risk register for review.
B Use the risk report to show the details on the risks.
C Take the latest lessons learned register for the close-out phase meeting.
D Do a regression analysis to determine the status of the risks.

Question – 23: A project manager (PM) has been working on a project to a heart-rate monitor product. This product has a number of quality objectives as it's a medical equipment. The PM has prepared the quality management plan and currently translating this plan into executable quality activities and ensuring that the quality objectives of the product are met. While doing so, a number of new quality related risks are identified, which may seriously impact the objectives of the project. What should the project manager do?
A Document the risks in the register.
B Update the lessons learned register.
C Update the risk report as it is impacting the overall project objective.
D Escalate to the sponsor on the new risks as they are serious in nature.

Question – 24: You have been assigned to build a fun and creativity park a town's local residents. There are a number of stakeholders and you understand the importance of stakeholder engagement in this process. You have grouped and prioritized them and currently developing a plan to engage with the stakeholders. You want to know the stakeholders' risk attitude and threshold before completing the engagement planning, which will help you to build an optimal engagement strategy. Which one of the following will be MOST helpful for you in this situation?
A Risk management plan.
B Risk register.
C Risk report.
D Risk status meetings.

Question – 25: Use of big data, advanced analytics, and/or artificial intelligence to explore unknown risks is known as:
A Data analysis
B Data gathering
C Data representation
D Data analytics

Question - 26: For your activities, you are finding that there can be many possible events which can create risks. And those events can also be a product of several other events. Which distribution you would use?
A Triangular Distribution 
B LogNormal Distribution
C Normal Distribution 
D BetaPert Distribution

Question - 27: In a risk analysis for the activities of a project, following activities came with the criticality index as shown below in the Tornado diagram. 
Diagram drawn with Primavera Risk Analysis Software
Which activity (activities) has/have the least chance to be on the critical path?
A A1140, A1160
B A1160, A1030 
C A1140, A1160
D A1020, A1080


Question - 28: In the following decision tree, what is incorrectly put?


A On the paths from the decision node to a chance node, the monetary value should be put.
B On the paths from the chance node to a decision node, the monetary value should be put.
C On the paths from the decision node to a chance node, the probability value cannot be put.
D On the paths from the chance node to a decision node, the probability value cannot be put.

Question – 29: For a project manager to be successful in risk management, there are many roles and responsibilities to be played. Which one of the following is NOT one of them?
A Owning risk response actions.
B Developing the project risk management plan.
C Applying contingency funds. 
D Auditing risk management processes for their effectiveness.

Question – 30: Your project is under execution for the last 3 months. Some of your stakeholders are not very satisfied with the way Risk Management is happening. This input has also reached your Sponsor. Your sponsor has asked you to do an Audit for the risks in the project. You are aware that just two weeks before the Audit has happened for the project. Now you want to find out the frequency needed for your Audit. Which document or plan will give you such information?
A Risk Management Plan.
B Risk Register.  
C Risk Response Plan. 
D Risk Report.

Question – 31: You have recently joined an organization, which develops dairy products for its customers. You joined as one of the product-leads in the organization and have been asked to report to the project manager as well as the functional head of the organization of your product segment. What kind of organization are you in?
A Weak matrix. 
B Strong matrix. 
C Balanced matrix.
D Projectized.

Question – 32: To create a risk management plan, which aspect of the following is MOST important?
A Have a documented approach, methodology, matrix, schedule and cost information, and roles and responsibilities documented in the Risk Management Plan.  
B Agreement and approval from the sponsor on the Risk Management Plan after its creation.
C Agreement and support from the stakeholders on the Risk Management Plan after its creation.
D Agreement and approval from the Change Control Board on the Risk Management Plan after its creation.

Question – 33: In Monitor Risks process, you are comparing the technical accomplishments during our project execution to the schedule of technical achievement. You are using metrics such as transaction times, number of delivered defects etc. to see if there are any deviations in actual data as compared to the planned ones, and hence the forecasts to check on the degree of success. Which tool and technique are you using here? 
A Technical performance analysis. 
B Trend analysis.
C Variance analysis. 
D Risk reassessment.

Question – 34: Risks which are outdated are ____________:
A Moved to the Watch-list. 
B Closed.
C Updated with the probability and impact values.
D Added to lessons learned documentation.

Question – 35: You team has been numerically analyzing the risks which were identified. Now these risks have given discrete probability values such as 80%, 50%, 75% etc., which will also have consequence rating mentioned in the impact scale. Which process are you in?
A Plan Risk Management. 
B Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis. 
C Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis. 
D Plan Risk Responses.

Question – 36: You have identified the risks, analyzed them and now planning for risk responses. The output “Plan Risk Responses” process can be Risk Response Plan, Residual Risks and:
A Risk Breakdown Structure. 
B Risk Probability and Impact matrix.
C Secondary Risks.
D Tertiary Risks.

Question – 37: Risk categorization as a Tool and Technique used in Project Risk Management under which process?
A Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis.
B Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis.
C Monitor Risks.
D Plan Risk Responses.

Question – 38: You are looking the Earned Value Analysis results for your current projects. You find out that the SPI (schedule performance index) is 0.8 and the CPI (cost performance index) is 0.67, which are below than the previous measures. You also found the Estimate At Completion (EAC) is going to be much more than the previously measured one. This can pose new risks for your project. You are into which process and using what technique? 
A Monitor risks; Variance and Trend analysis. 
B Monitor risks; Trend analysis. 
C Monitor risks; Technical performance analysis. 
D Implement Risk Responses; Trend analysis.

Question – 39: For an activity in your schedule you are considering the extremes of uncertainty of the activity under consideration. Also, you believe, for this activity, the intermediate values have equal chances of occurring. What kind of probability distribution will be considered while doing a risk analysis?
A Beta distribution.
B Symmetric triangular distribution. 
C Asymmetric triangular distribution.
D Rectangular distribution.

Question – 40: Fallback plan is part of ___________________:
A Risk management plan.
B Risk report.
C Risk register. 
D A separate plan. 
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The question set is available in the embedded document below. The answers are also part of this document.

For all answers, subscribe to this site and send a mail (from your GMail id) to managementyogi@gmail.com.



New Book Available for RMP Exam:

Friday, November 01, 2019

40 NEW PMI-RMP Free Questions and Answers (Part - 1)




The PMI-RMP® (Risk Management Professional) exam has changed and it will be based on the new PMBOK® Guide, 6th edition and also the newly released Standard for Risk Management in Portfolios, Programs, and Projects along with the Practice Standard for Risk Management, ECO and other reference books/material. In this post series we will have 40 PMI-RMP questions.

These questions are taken from the book:
I Want To Be A RMP, 2nd Edition.



These qustions are prepared with feedback from many successful PMI-RMPs. Many have told the questions are tougher compared to the actual exam.

To answer these questions, you need to have:
  • Solid grasp on Risk Management Knowledge Area in the PMBOK Guide, 6th edition. 
  • Sound understanding on how the Risk Managment knowledge area interacts with the rest of the nine knowledge areas. Many overlook this aspect. You have to know the PMBOK guide in the context of risk management.
  • Good understanding of Practice Standard for Risk Management and Foundational Standard for Risk Management. 
  • Applicability of risk management in projects and how it's used in the context of porgrams and portfolios, e.g., imagine a resonse strategy "Escalate" and how it works. Also, increasingly, risk management practitioners are asked to work/apply themselves in the context of portfolios, programs and projects.
  • Real world (project) risk management experience.
This is first of the series have 20 questions. The next part has another set of 20 questions.

I hope you enjoy doing these questions and it helps in your preparation for the PMI-RMP exam.



[This series - Part - 2]


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Question – 1: In your risk register, there are both conditional and event-based risks. You have planned for risk responses and currently using the Project Management Information System (PMIS) to ensure the integration of the risk response actions with overall project. How should you integrate these response actions?
A Only conditional response actions should be integrated with the project schedule.  
B Only unconditional response actions are integrated, whereas conditional actions are not. 
C Both conditional and unconditional response actions are integrated into the project.
D Conditional response actions are integrated, whereas unconditional actions are monitored.

Question – 2: You have been working on a renewable energy project, where the source of energy will be oceanic waves. The project is transnational and risk management is of high importance. Currently, you are in a process that will enable you to take project decisions based on current information and status of overall project risk and individual project risks. In this process, all of the followings can be done, OTHER THAN:
A Ensuring the contingency reserve available in enough.  
B Determining if the risk management policies and procedures are being followed.
C Checking the issues that occurred because of the risks happening, but no action being taken on those risks.
D Ensuring the implementation of risk response plans.

Question – 3: During risk qualification, which one of the following lists of project documents is LEAST LIKELY to be updated?
A Project Team Assignments, Risk Register, Risk Report. 
B Assumption Log, Risk Register, Risk Report.  
C Risk Register, Risk Report, Issue Log.
D Issue Log, Assumption Log, Risk Report.

Question – 4: You are working on a project where there can be many risks can arise which could not have been identified earlier on. Essentially, these are unknowable-unknown risks because your project has employed disruptive technologies. To address such risks, which one of the following will be a LEAST EFFECTIVE approach?
A Increase the flow of information in your project. 
B Follow all the processes of risk management.  
C Ask your team to not just passively accept things, but ask questions.
D Raise awareness on the possibility of such unknowable-unknown risks.

Question – 5: Undifferentiated risks are ________________:
A Qualified, but may not be quantified risks.
B Quantified, but may not be qualified risks.
C Both qualified and quantified risks.
D Non-event based risks.

Question - 6: Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A High risk propinquity will increase the risk score, and high risk detectability will decrease the score.
B High risk propinquity will decrease the risk score, and high risk detectability will increase the score.
C Low risk propinquity will decrease the risk score, and low risk detectability will decrease the score.
D Low risk propinquity will increase the risk score, and high risk detectability will decrease the score.

Question - 7: For some of the risks, which you have identified and analyzed; you have developed contingency plans. Also, you have triggers to invoke the contingency plans. In which process, do you create such triggers?
A Identify Risks.
B Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis.
C Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis.
D Plan Risk Responses.

Question - 8: You are doing a risk planning for your project along with your team members. During this process, you decided to look at some of the project documents, while identifying the risks. You decided to look for assumptions and constraints. Which one of the following will give you the assumptions and constraints taken for the project?
A Project charter
B Constraint log
C Scope baseline 
D Assumption log

Question – 9: You have planned for the risks in your project by creating a risk management plan, which has the information about the probability and impact scales, the probability and impact matrix, risk audit timings, among others. Next, you identified all possible risks with the help of stakeholders in your project. You have created the risk register, identified and assigned the possible owners for the risks and further elaborated on the risk breakdown structure. What should you do NEXT? 
A Analyze the risks qualitatively to find the probability and impact of each risk. 
B Find the potential responses, if any, for each risk. 
C Determine the other risk assessment parameters such as risk controllability, risk detectability, etc. 
D Analyze the risks quantitatively to quantity with respect to schedule and cost impact for each risk. 

Question – 10: You are working on a multi-million-dollar contract event management. It will take 4 months to complete. During one of the planning processes, you found out that a significant threat exists to your project from one of the contractors, who may go bankrupt. If that situation arises, the project will be delayed by a month. Considering it, you decide to be in touch with another contractor who can provide the needed material.This is an example of: 
A Risk Share. 
B Risk Transfer.
C Risk Escalation.
D Risk Mitigation.

Question – 11: Following is a probability distribution for an activity.
From this, we can infer:
A The activity at best can be completed in 5 days, and at worst can be completed in 11 days.
B The activity at best can be completed in 4 days, and at worst can be completed in 12 days, but most likely to be completed in 6 days with 100% probability. 
C The activity at best can be completed in 6 days with around 30% probability, and at worst can be completed in 12 days with around 30% probability, but most likely to be completed in 6 days with 100% probability. 
D The activity at best can be completed in 6 days with around 30% probability, and at worst can be completed in 10 days with around 30% probability, but most likely to be completed in 6 days with 80% probability.

Question – 12: A Monte Carlo analysis has been conducted on a project, which shows below cumulative S-curve. The chances of the project meeting the budget of $75,000 is 30% (shown in red arrow mark). What is the contingency reserve needed if the chance has to be 60% (shown in yellow arrow mark)? 

Image drawn with Primavera Risk Analysis Software
A 0% 
B 10%
C 4.9%
D 5.1%

Question - 13: Risk management is the responsibility of:
A Risk manager.  
B Project manager. 
C Project sponsor.
D Everyone involved.

Question – 14: In expert judgment, which kind of bias is possible?
A Motivation bias.  
B Risk related bias. 
C Cognitive bias.
D Heuristic bias. 

Question – 15: You have defined the activities for your schedule and now sequencing the activities. Finally, you created a complete schedule for your project. Next you are thinking of getting it approved by the Sponsor as the schedule is almost complete. However, simultaneously, while doing risk response planning, you found out that in certain situations some of the sequences may not be appropriate and hence you are checking the alternative sequences. This will be known as:
A Risk avoidance
B Risk mitigation 
C Finding and adding risks to the risk register
D Doing contingency planning 

Question – 16: The Stakeholder Register can act as input to all of the following list of processes in Project Risk Management, EXCEPT:
A Identify Risks, Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis, Plan Risk Responses
B Plan Risk Management, Plan Risk Responses, Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis
C Plan Risk Responses, Implement Risk Responses, Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis 
D Plan Risk Management, Identify Risks, Plan Risk Responses

Question – 17: Your team is developing a weather monitoring system to specifically track the cyclones. During testing of the systems, a number of defects were found. You want to know which three components of the systems are contributing most to these quality issues. Which technique would you use?
A Cause and effect diagram.
B Pareto diagram.
C Control diagram.
D Scatter diagram.

Question - 18: In which type of leadership the team members are likely to have low motivation, low creativity, low problem-solving skills and hence possibly can have more risks?
A Task-oriented leadership.
B Autocratic leadership. 
C Democratic leadership. 
D Charismatic leadership.

Question - 19: In which type of contract, the seller bears MOST of the risk?
A Firm Fixed Price
B Fixed Price with Incentive Fee
C Fixed Price with Economic Price Adjustment 
D Fixed Price with Awards Fee

Question - 20: In a machine design and development project, you are analyzing the system. You are building a model to identify the various elements that can cause a system failure by themselves. Also, you are checking the various elements, when in combination with others can cause failures in the system. What kind of analysis is it?
A Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) 
B SWOT analysis 
C SPECTRUM analysis 
D Root cause analysis 
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The question set is available in the embedded document below. The answers are also part of this document.

For all answers, subscribe to this site and send a mail (from your GMail id) to managementyogi@gmail.com.




Monday, October 28, 2019

PMP Success Story: Apply Your Learnings to Be a Good Project Manager In Real Life

By Ram Babu, PMP



Introduction
I am working as a Project Manager for Delivery in my organization. However, I was lacking certain standard processes and procedures in applying the project management concepts and fundamentals. Hence, I found Project Management Professional (PMP®) credential as the right certification for me. With this certification, I believe I can excel, provide the needed expertise to my organization and also add value to our profile.

PMP 35 Contact Hours Experience
First, I joined a classroom session to take the mandatory 35 contact hours learning. Satya Sir was our trainer and he led the classes for 4 days. His teaching style was impressive. He guided us to not only focus on key concepts, but also relate our understanding of project management in context.


The formulae and numerous examples he provided were very helpful. In 4-days, he covered most of the topics needed for the exam. 

However, for me, the focus on Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), Schedule Network Diagram Analysis such as forward pass, backward pass, free float and total float calculation, critical path analysis etc. were really helpful. 

Own Study
My situation was completely different from other aspiring candidates for the PMP credential. I am from Arts background and hence, didn’t have the environment to think about PMP like others do, who are mostly from engineering backgrounds. It was really challenging to overcome this situation and concentrate on self-study more.

I used to study 2 to 3 hours every-day for more than eight months. It took sufficient preparation from my side to clear the exam. 

In fact, at the end of the final day, Satya Sir took an evaluation test. I scored only 10 out of 30 questions. Satya Sir told me – “Ram Babu, you will need 1 year to prepare and clear the exam. You have to really work on it.” And it took me nearly 1 year to crack it. You can understand how much hard work was required.

I studied the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®) Guide, 6th edition 2 to 3 times along with another reference book. I also used the material given in the PMP 35 contact hours sessions and attempted 8 mock tests overall. These were helpful for me to clear the concepts.

I would say as the exam questions are mostly situational in nature, you may find it problematic in the beginning. But with sufficient mock tests, we can overcome this problem.

PMP Exam Experience
I scheduled my exam at Pearson VUE, Shivaji Nagar, Bangalore because it was close to my locality. I followed no specific strategy while going through the 4 hours of the exam. This is primarily due to the fact that I have had the practice of mock tests with 4-hours sitting. 

From the perspectives of exam questions, I faced the following types:
  • Most of the questions were situational in nature. Hence be ready for them.
  • I received a few mathematical questions – around five to six questions, including Earned Value Management (EVM). However, they were quite straight.
  • I face a few Input, Tools and Techniques (ITTO) questions from the PMBOK Guide. Again, they were quite straight-forward.
  • A number of questions were from change requests, change management, and risk management. 

Suggestions for PMP Aspirants
Dos
  • Improve reading speed and read the PMBOK Guide’s glossary. You must read the glossary. 
  • Ensure to have good time management. The 4-hours exam is also a test of your endurance. 
  • Always keep your calmness intact. It will help you during the test.

Don’s
  • Do not just read the PMBOK Guide, but read in the context of project management, your own management experience and how you can relate to it. 
  • Do not memorize the ITTOs, which we will not be a proper usage of your time.  Instead, apply their meanings and use them to understand the way project management gets done in the real world.

Conclusion
I’ve been working as a project management for quite sometime and with this new knowledge gain, I hope I can apply and improve on the practices. I also hope these learnings will help me to be a good manager in real life.

Brief Profile:
Ram Babu, PMP: I’ve been working as a Project Manager for 10 years.