Tuesday, July 30, 2019

30 NEW PMI-PMP Free Questions and Answers (Part - 1)

In last few months, many aspiring PMPs have requested me to put a few sample questions. As a matter of fact, in your PMI-PMP® examination, you can face varieties of questions - direct ones, ITTO related questions, document/plan related questions, questions related to process interactions, leadership/strategic management related questions and of course, situational questions.

These questions  are based on my years of teaching project management practitioners from different industry verticals. Over years, I've the privilege to interact with thousands of aspiring PMPs and learning from them. There have been many successful PMI-PMPs who have also provided inputs while preparing these questions, without whom it would not have been possible.

In this series, there are 15 questions, which you can try. Here, I've put mostly situational questions as I believe such kind of questions, tests you understanding in the best possible way. 

To answer these questions, you need to have: 
  • Solid understanding of the PMBOK® Guide,
  • Ability to apply that understanding in situational/contextual environments,
  • Real-world project management experience.

As mentioned earlier, this also addresses the need of many professionals who have requested me to put some sample PMP questions so that can proceed with the PMP Live Lessons or PMP 35 Contact Hours Online Course or PMP Exam Prep BookI hope you enjoy attempting these questions and it helps in your preparation for the exam. 

[This series - Part - 2] 



Question – 1: A project manager is working on a blockchain development project to enhance the security of financial transactions for a bank. After months of working, the team delivered a product to its client for acceptance. Suddenly, the manager gets a call that some security features in the product developed, are missing. What is the FIRST thing the manager should do?
A Inform the team to start building the missing features into the product and work right away.
B Get the team together and reprimand them for building a product that does not meet the customer expectations
C Inform the client that the product has passed all of its internal inspections which is done during scope verification processes and hence, it must be fine
D Call a meeting with the customer to understand what exactly is missing and try to find out a solution afterwards

Question – 2: A project manager (PM) is managing an international software project, which will be done phase wise for a duration of one and half year. The project is 3 months through and the team has delivered the first drop for phase -1 of the project. Currently, the PM is holding a weekly status meeting, when one of the team members points out that an important stakeholder is running into a problem with one of the features of the current version of the software. The team member thinks that there is a high probability that the stakeholder will ask for a change in that feature, even though that change would be out of scope of the current release. The PM discusses the case with the team member and understands that if the stakeholder requests that change, there is a high probability that the change control board would approve the change. What is the BEST action for the PM to take?
A Ask the team member to get familiar with the feature so that the feature can be implemented and that way the risk also will be mitigated
B First add the risk to the issue log, discuss it with the stakeholder and update after certain information is available
C Schedule a meeting with the stakeholder to discuss the risk
D First add the risk to the risk register and then gather information about its probability and impact

Question – 3: You are the project manager of an accounting project. You have just finished defining the scope for the project and started creating the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). To create a proper WBS, you went to the organizational process asset library and found a WBS from a past project. You are now using it as a current reference. Based on it you have started breaking down the deliverables. Which of the following tool in  Create WBS process are you using?
A Decomposition
B Templates
C Historical Records
D Brainstorming

Question – 4: One of your senior technical resources has a number of conflicts with other team members on many designs and technical aspects. After initial investigation, you found out it is not what the person says, but how it is said that makes other team members uncomfortable. On the other hand, the senior technical person feels his effort is not really appreciated by other team members. Which form of power will be MOST effective in this case?
A Ingratiating power
B Guilt-based power 
C Persuasive power 
D Referent power

Question – 5: You are the project manager for a Genome editing project. Due to scarcity of right scientists, you need to have them from a manager of another project in the same organization. However, the other manger informs that though you can take some of his resources, they have performance problems. Which is following should be the BEST response by you in this situation?
A Avoid the other manager henceforth
B Notify senior management regarding this issue and get the staff needed
C Call a meeting with the manager and try to figure out why the other manager suggested those resources and how to together to reach mutually agreeable solution
D Inform the manager that you know exactly which members are needed and the other manager should give the needed resources

Question – 6: You are managing a project under fixed price contract. The contract has been signed and the budget at completion for the project is $10,000,000. There was an $1,800,000 overhead cost which your company had to cover from one of its earlier projects. It’s now four months into the project and the costs for the project have exceeded $8,200,000. As the project has now consumed the entire fee, your organization will be forced to pay for all costs on the project from this point onwards. What’s the BEST way to describe this situation?
A The cost performance index of the project is below 1.0 
B The project has been overrun on cost front
C The project has reached the point of total assumption
D The project has ceased to be profitable for your organization

Question – 7: Your team has decided to use Bluetooth technology for your smartwatch project. With this technology, the smartwatch can connect to smartphones, tablets and even hand-held devices. However, the team members do not have the domain expertise on it and hence you decide to form a forum on this technology. Here team members can participate in the discussion, raise questions, fix issues which are technologically unique and also can share information on the latest standards and practices. What kind of communication dimension is considered by you while creating this forum? 
A Official
B Formal
C Vertical
D Hierarchical

Question – 8: You are managing an engineering project whose deliverables are auto components. However, your team is having trouble completing object design tasks due to lack of expertise. Hence, you decide to take few of the pre-qualified sellers from Organization's database and do an analysis on them to find out, who would be more suitable for the project and add them to the stakeholder register. This activity is known as:
A Stakeholder engagement
B Initiating the project
C Stakeholder analysis
D Analytical technique

Question – 9: A project manager is managing a project with an estimated budget at completion of $500,000. Her team should have completed 40% of the work by now according to the schedule. However, at the last status meeting, the team reported that 35% of the work has actually been completed. The team has already spent $225,000 so far on the project. As a supervisor to this manager’s project how best would you BEST describe the project?
A The project is ahead of schedule and over its budget 
B The project is behind schedule and over its budget 
C The project is behind schedule and within its budget
D The project is ahead of schedule and within its budget

Question – 10: You are a project manager for a railroad construction project in a mountainous terrain. Because of many geographical constraints involved, you are very careful in preparing the plan that establishes the criteria and the activities for developing, monitoring, and controlling the schedule and containing appropriate control thresholds. Which of the following will best help you to prepare this plan? 
A The project charter, the project management plan, scheduling software and the PMO templates
B The risk management plan, the assumption log, the schedule management plan and the milestone list
C The resource requirements, the lessons learned register, commercial databases and scheduling methodology
D The project scope statement, the risk register, the project team assignments and the physical resource assignments

Question – 11: You are working on a third-generation electric bicycle project for one of your key customers. You, your team, and your entire stakeholder feel that the work has been completed. However, your customer feels that one of the deliverables has not been done properly. What is the BEST way to handle this conflict?
A Enter the administrative closure and then contract closure procedure as the project has been decided to be complete
B Discuss with sponsor for the way forward and request the sponsor to inform the customer
C Call up a meeting with the customer and find out what the actual issue so that both of you can find out a solution
D Close the project and collect the fees what has been given by the customer so far

Question – 12: You are in the final stages of the procurement closure with one vendor. On payments, there is an ongoing negotiation as the contract was Fixed price with incentive fee. The vendor has delivered earlier than expected and hence the additional money paid by your organization should be divided with 60:40 ratio. However, the vendor is not ready to do so and wants to keep the entire amount. You have tried many other approaches in negotiation, but the vendor is not ready to oblige. What should you do?
A Conduct another procurement audit to find out the defects in the delivery and penalize the vendor. 
B Accept the situation that negotiation has failed and hence close the contract.
C Take the help of the senior management team in negotiating with the vendor.
D As everything else has failed, find out what can be done in via litigation in courts. 

Question – 13: You have been assigned to a new generation drone building project by your organization. The previous project manager has left the organization and this project has been known to have many quality-related to issues. You want to know about all the quality issues reported, any corrective actions taken so far and also the summary findings of control quality measurements. What should you do?
A Check the issue log to find out all the quality issues 
B Review the quality management plan to determine the steps to be taken
C Go through the quality reports to get these details
D Discuss it with the project sponsor as you are new to the project

Question – 14: You are managing a hardware project. In one of the walkthroughs of newly implemented functionalities, a team member shows a prototype of a new feature that they will provide a better user experience to the customer. Initially you were not aware of this feature as it was not in the scope and came to know that the customer has requested to one of the team members and the team member has developed the prototype. What this is known as?
A Scope creep 
B Gold plating
C Alternatives Methods
D Voice of Customer

Question – 15: You are working on a construction project whose output is a mall in the heart of the town. After identifying risks for the construction project, you find that a chemical being used on your building cannot be applied in rainy conditions. You also come to know that your schedule for coating the buildings clashes with rainy days in that locality. However, as the project cannot be delayed beyond the rainy season, you decided to just work around the rainy days. This is an example of which strategy?
A Mitigate 
B Exploit 
C Accept 
D Transfer


The question set is available in the embedded document below. The answers are also part of this document.

For all answers with detail explanation, subscribe to this site and send a mail (from your GMail id) to managementyogi@gmail.com.

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